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Jama Masjid Delhi

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Architecture of Jama Masjid Delhi

The Jama Masjid incorporates a blend of Mughal and Persian architectural elements, as commonly seen in monuments constructed during Shah Jahan’s reign. Red sandstone and white marble were the main construction materials employed, in line with typical Mughal building styles.

The mosque complex has three prominent gateways, four towers and two 40-meter high minarets built using alternating vertical strips of red sandstone and white marble. The northern gate was exclusively meant for use by the emperor and royals. The eastern gate served as the public entrance to the mosque. At the center lies a vast courtyard that can accommodate over 25,000 worshipers at once. This 1200 square feet courtyard houses a small pond for ritual ablutions before prayer.

The chief structure has threebulbous marble domes surrounded by two soaring minarets. The central dome is the biggest with a height of 21 meters. The qibla wall, oriented in the direction of the Kaaba shrine in Mecca, exhibits fine Islamic calligraphy and artwork. Quranic verses and Persian poetry embellish pillars, walls and inner chambers across the mosque complex in typical Indo-Islamic art fashion. Intricate gold embossing adorns the ceiling panels. Chandeliers and lamps enhance the visual richness.

The floors are fully carpeted, with separate sections demarcated for men and women offering namaz. Ablution facilities and shaded pavilions offer convenience to devotees. 130 steps lead up the southern minaret to a terrace that presents panoramic views of Old Delhi’s skyline. The Jama Masjid’s elegant architecture continues to serve its functional purpose while encapsulating history.

Interesting Facts About Jama Masjid of Delhi

The Jama Masjid is one of India’s most famous and an instantly recognizable monument, yet there are some intriguing facts even history buffs may not know about this grand mosque.

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